Babri Masjid demolition, an overview

4 months ago pratyush shukla 0

On 6th December, Babri Masjid was demolished by a lot of Hindu Kar Sevak and activist turned violent after a political rally held in Ayodhya. According to Hindu belief, the place where Mosque was built was Ram Janam Bhoomi (the actual place where Lord Ram was Born).

Kar Sevaks at top on Babri Masjid
Babri Masjid

This whole case came in the picture when in 1885 Mahant Raghuvar Das asked permission to build Ram Mandir over Chabutara which was denied by Britishers. In 1949, when the Idol of Rama was placed inside Masjid then cases were filed by a Muslim leader. In the counter, the case was filed by Hindu Leader to declare the land as disputed and to lock its gate.In 1950, Hindu priest filed a suit in court demanding to place Lord Rama inside Masjid and worship him.

Later in 1980’s Vishva Hindu Parishad (VHP) intensified its campaign for the construction of a temple dedicated to Rama at the disputed site, with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) as its political supporter. Later the movement was strengthened by a Judge who reopened the gate and permitted Hindus to worship there.

Temple of Lord Ram in Ayodhya.
Ram Lalla

Today is the 25th demolition anniversary of Babri Masjid, Vishwa Hindu Parishad will celebrate this day as Shaurya Day and Muslim communities consider it as Yaum-e-Gham (day of sorrow). Out of total 49 cases registered, there are two most important one.

First crime registered was that thousand of Kar Sevak were promoting enmity between two groups on the ground of religion. They were also cited for  Robbery, dacoity and also for damaging the places of worship.

The Second case was filed against some of BJP leaders Lal Krishna Advani, Uma Bharti, Murli Manohar Joshi and Vinay Katiyar and also against some Vishva Hindu Parishad leaders Late Ashok Singhal, Sadhvi Ritambara, Late Giriraj Kishore and Vishnu Hari Dalmia. These peoples were present on Ram Katha Kunj at time of demolition of Mosque.

Ram Rath Yatra

Advani’s Ram Rath Yatra which was first decided to start as Pad Yatra in September 1990 to educate people about Ayodhya movement. Later it was converted in Ram  Rath Yatra on the advice of Late Pramod Mahajan as walking on foot will take much time. This Rath yatra was started in Somnath on 25 September 1990 and was planned to go through the states of GujaratMaharashtraAndhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Bihar, before reaching the city of Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh. As  Somnath and Ayodhya, both have religious and political importance.

Lal Krishna Advani at time of Ram Rath Yatra started from Somnath.
Lal Krishna Advani at Ram Ratha Yatra

The rath was escorted by the leader dressed as mythological deities and Advani was presented with gifts like Saffron flags,  sword, and a bow-and-arrow as if he was going to fight in the war. This yatra covered 300 kilometers in a day with at most six rallies. Chanting of religious hymns and battle were clearly heard. This yatra got support from various leaders and parities like Bal Thakrey leader of Shiv Sena, Vishwa Hindu Parishad, Bajrang Dal, and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).

L K Advani with Murli Manohar Joshi and with other leader at time of Rath Yatra.
L K Advani with Murli Manohar Joshi and with another leader at the time of Rath Yatra.

Advani was arrested in Bihar along with Late Ashok Singhal and with many renowned leaders, by Lalu Yadav Government but despite’s Advani being arrested the yatra continued towards Ayodhya. In Uttar Pradesh, Mulayam Singh ordered to arrest all of the activist bound to Ayodhya and about 150,000 individuals were jailed. However, a large amount of activist managed to breach in Ayodhya.

Demolition of Babri Masjid

On 6th December, VHP and BJP leaders along with 1,50,000 volunteers leading their rallies outside the Babri Masjid. Leaders like Uma Bharti and Murli Manohar Joshi were addressing public and while listening to these rallies people became more resistive. Although a police cordon had been placed around the mosque in preparation for an assault, a young man slipped past the cordon around noon and climbed the mosque itself, hailing a Saffron flag.

Demolition of Babri Masjid in 1992
People moving toward Babri Masjid breaking the Police Cordon.

This verdict was considered as a signal to march toward Babri Masjid, people with hammers and axes attacked mosque leading to its demolition. This movement resulted in the riot at many places and about 2000 people were killed in which majority of them were Muslims.

 Formation of Liberhan Commission

Submission of report of Liberhan's commission.
Former Judge Manmohan Singh Lierbhan submitting Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 30 June 2009

Liberhan commission was formed by Indian Government, led by retired judge Mr. Manmohan Singh Liberhan this committee was asked to submit its report in 3 months. After 17 years of delay, the one-man commission submitted the report to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 30 June 2009.

The one-man commission stated in its report: “Kalyan Singh’s government was the essential component required by the Sangh for its purposes”.The report holds 68 people culpable, including L K AdvaniMurli Manohar Joshi and more critically, Kalyan Singh, the then-Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.The report accused the RSS of being the leading architect of the demolition.

Proceeding by Court

2002: Three-Judge Lucknow bench of Allahabad High Court began the hearing to determine the rightful owner of the disputed land.

September 2010: Verdict pronounced by the Allahabad High court, said that the land of Babri Masjid is to be divided into three equal part, each going to Nirmohi Akhara, Ram Lalla and Sunni Waqf board. After this both Hindu and Muslim leaders moved to Supreme Court.

2011: Supreme court put’s stay on order of Allahabad High Court.

2017: April 19, the Supreme Court proclaims its decision, accusing the BJP leaders with criminal conspiracy, and asks the trial court in Lucknow to complete the hearing within two years.

2017: December 5, the Supreme Court rejects the petition of Sunni Waqf board to postpone till 2019 general elections. The Bench fixes next hearing on 8th February 2018.