Indian State of Forest Report(ISFC)2017
1 week ago Rishita Raj 0
Mr Harsh Vardhan, the minister of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change(MoEFCC)has released Indian State of Forest Report ( ISFC )2017 in NewDelhi.The report revealed that there is an increment of 8,021 sq km or 1% in the total forest area after 2015.He also said that the nation has shown an increasing trend in the forest area as compared to the decreasing forest cover across the world during the last decade.
ISFR is released every two years.According to the report, the total forest cover of India is 7,08,273 sq. km which is about 21.54% of the total geographical area shared by the country.The combined area by forest and tree cover is 8,02,088sq. km i.e 24.4% of the total geographical area.The very dense forest(VDF)in the nation, which absorbs the maximum carbon dioxide is incremented by 1.36%, according to this latest assessment.
- top 3 States in terms of largest forest cover in the country: Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover in the nation in terms of area i.e about 77,414 sq.km and then comes Arunachal Pradesh (66,964 sq. km), followed by Chhattisgarh (55,547 sq. km).
- top 5 states with the maximum increase in forest cover: Andhra Pradesh (2141 sq km), Karnataka (1101 sq km) followed by Kerala (1043 sq km), Odisha (885 sq km) and Telangana (565 sq km).
- States/union territories with more than 75% forest area: Mizoram, Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya, and Manipur.
- Top 5 states who have faced decrement in the forest cover: Mizoram (531 sq km), Nagaland (450 sq km), Arunachal Pradesh (190 sq km), Tripura (164 sq km) and Meghalaya (116 sq km).These northeastern states in India have high forest cover area with more than 70%.The reason for decrement ios shifting agriculture, cutting down of forest due to more developmental activities and urbanization, agricultural expansions, natural disasters and other biotic pressures.
- States/union territories with forest cover in between 33% to 75% forest cover area: The states are Tripura, Goa, Sikkim, Kerala, Uttarakhand, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Chhattisgarh, and Assam
- Top states with highest Forest cover in terms of percentage geographical area: Lakshadweep (90.33%), Mizoram (86.3%) and Andaman & Nicobar Island(82%).
India’s Global position is 10th, it shares 2.4% of the total land area of the world has about 24.4% of land area as forest.India was placed 8th in the list of Top Ten nation in reporting the greatest annual net gain in terms of forest cover area as per Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) report.
This survey for the first time includes the water bodies under the forest cover area, which is increased by 2,647 sq. km during last decade.The top three states with the highest increment of water bodies under the forest cover area Maharashtra (432 sq. km), Gujarat (428 sq. km) and Madhya Pradesh (389 sq. km), overall there is a positive increment in water bodies in every forest cover area.