Air Quality: India ranked among bottom five

4 weeks ago Shruti Goel 0

According to the World Economic Forum along with a bi-yearly report by Yale, and Columbia Universities, India is one of the bottom five countries on Environmental Performance Index 2018. It plunged about 36 points, from 141 in 2016. In the category of environmental health, it is at the bottom of the list whereas it ranks 178 out of 180 in case of air quality.

India’s overall environmental health policy has a poor performance standing at a rank of 177 out of 180 countries. Its ranking is linked to the deaths caused by the air pollution in the country. The ongoing World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland released these details in one of its reports. Environmental health is concerned with all the aspects of nature affecting the health of humans. The major cause of the degrading rank of India in environmental health is pollution.

Pollution in world

Pollution

When contaminants are introduced into the atmosphere causing adverse changes then it causes pollution. Pollution is traditionally known as the infected quality of air, water, soil, and other natural resources. People don’t notice it much unless it starts causing harm to their health and at present, it has become a serious problem throughout the country. Everyone is struggling to breathe but are still not aware of the steps they should take on their part in order to reduce it. The Government can apply rules but it is the duty of the citizens to bring them into action. It’s time to ‘Stop blaming and take initiative.’ India is our country and it is our sole responsibility to keep it healthy.

There are many types of pollution. Some of them are listed below:

  • Air pollution
  • Light pollution
  • Littering
  • Noise pollution
  • Soil contamination
  • Water pollution
  • Plastic pollution
  • Thermal pollution, etc.

Out of all these, air pollution tops the list causing the quality of air to degrade day by day thus making it difficult to breathe. The quality of air is the leading threat to public health. Many respiratory problems and lung’s diseases are among the hazardous results of it.

Air Pollution

Air pollution in India

The contaminants present in the air cause the degradation in the quality of air. It causes much harm to the health of human beings. It can be due to both natural processes as well as by human activities. The government has taken several steps to control it but all in vain. Pollution from solid fuels, coal and the burning of crop residue continue to severely degrade the air quality for millions of Indians. The Crop Residue burning stood one of the major causes of polluted air this year.

As estimated by the World Health Organization in 2014, air pollution causes premature deaths of about 7 million people every year. As compared to other nations, India faces the highest number of deaths from asthma. Many types of diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases including asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), cancer and many other problems are among the consequences of air pollution.

 
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