Recent Earthquakes in India: All you need to know
1 month ago Saloni Hindocha 0
Earthquakes have become a common phenomenon nowadays. A 5.2 magnitude Earthquake struck the Kokrajhar district of Assam on Saturday. According to the Indian Meteorological Department, the hypocenter of the earthquake was at a depth of 57 km. The earthquake occurred at 6:44 am. There have been no damages or casualties reported so far. Another earthquake measuring 4.8 on the Richter Scale hit the Myanmar-India Border and Manipur on Saturday. This one occurred at 3:36 pm at a depth of 80km. No deaths or injuries have been reported so far. Earthquakes have a devastating effect on people and their lives. The 2001 Gujarat Earthquake was a textbook example of this.
Earthquakes happen when there is a sudden release of energy in the Earth’s lithosphere which leads to the creation of seismic waves. These seismic waves cause the shaking of the surface. Earthquakes can weak as well as violent. Some earthquakes cannot be felt at all while some can create widespread destruction of life and landscape. The intensity of an earthquake is measured on the Richter scale. The Richter scale divides the intensity into 10 magnitudes. An earthquake of magnitude 1 refers to mild and not felt tremors while a magnitude 10 earthquake means widespread destruction. The epicenter lies directly above the hypocenter of the earthquake. The hypocenter is the point of the fault where the energy is released.
Earthquakes can cause other disasters as well. They are succeeded by tsunamis, landslides, avalanches, and fires. The most earthquake-prone area on this planet is the Pacific Ring of Fire. It is an area which is full of volcanoes and immense seismic activities. An earthquake may cause injury and death, road and bridge damage, general property damage, and collapse or destabilization (potentially leading to future collapse) of buildings. The aftermath may bring epidemics and, lack of basic necessities. Earthquakes are potentially dangerous disasters which can almost wipe up the human population.
Thus, it is extremely important that we take preventive measure against this. For instance, during an earthquake, it is important to take shelter under a table if you are indoors or move to plain grounds if you are outdoors, away from trees and building which might fall on you if you linger near them during an earthquake. Always keep some basic supplies like water bottles and food handy as in the aftermath it might be difficult to find some.