India @70 Contribution of Art & Dance in Independence.

7 months ago Global Daily Tribune . 0

Dance & Art is a medium of ‘socially responsive’ expression. Early in 1905, when the Swadeshi Movement gained momentum. Indian artists initiated to bring back the Traditional Art & Dance forms which were suppressed by the British, this moment laid the stone for the Bengal School of Art.


The Bengal School of Art was founded by Rabindranath Tagore,(1871—1951) who is known as the father of Modern Indian art. Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941) later took the traditions forward with his writings and later became the first Asian to win the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913.

The prominent contributors to Bengal School of Art are Rajani Kanta Sen, Kaliprasanna Kavya Visharad, Kshirod Prasad Vidyavinode, and Girish Chandra Ghosh; gave a new impetus to nationalist sentiment.

India being a princely state during the 1940’s had varied dance forms, Mohiniattam (Kerela), Kathak (Delhi), Odissi (Orissa), Sattriya (Assam), Manipuri (Manipur), Kuchipudi (Andhra Pradesh) were some major dance forms. These dance forms helped as a way of expression of the suppression of the Indian masses in the hands of the British.

Dance & Art were the single most dominant forms of nonviolent expression that gave an enthusiasm & vigour to our freedom fighters who encouraged by the art forms of Tagore, the literature of the authors of the Bengal movement, marched towards the British, in gaining Swaraj (Independence). In this process, they quit the use of all foreign-made products mainly clothes and adopted jute, cotton & other Indian fabrics.

Theatre which consisted of folk plays played a major role in imbibing the ethos of independence and revolt in the Indian masses. Puppet shows had a popular impact in creating awareness about independence in masses and inculcating the values of freedom through peace.


Post-1947, the expression of the Indian masses revolved around an “Indian-ness”. The representative of the newly independent nation. Artists’ expression were nationalist and modernist depicting the changes of Independent India. Expressing “Indianness” through nonviolent way took a new form. The greats like Satyajit Ray (Movies), K. G. Subramanyan (contemporary art), Francis Newton Souza and Maqbool Fida Husain (Progressive Artists’ Group) remained the chief contributors in drafting the cultural changes of the Independent India.