Infertility: Who is the real Culprit ?
1 month ago Shruti Goel 0
Infertility is usually a misled term in Indian society. Without understanding its true meaning and ignoring the facts, the so-called literate orthodox people in the society find it convenient blaming the women. They don’t understand the pain, a woman has to go through in her entire life. Right from the time of birth of a girl, the never-ending pain hits her like a heated storm. More than 80% of the sufferings, be it emotional, physical, or mental are transferred on the part of a woman. They accordingly have the strength to bear that suffering but sometimes the mental strength gets disturbed. Not only men but the orthodox society comprises more than 50% women themselves. They don’t understand the pain of someone who is exactly like them.
In India, infertility is treated as a stigma and consequently leads to stress and anxiety. It is one of the major cause of depression among the women who undergo such a situation. No matter whatever the cause is, the society rejects and mistreats a woman blaming her for every mishappening in their house. In fact, in many cultures, such woman are treated as untouchables and are not even allowed to enter the holy places. One of the major cause behind it is illiteracy and negligence of people to face the reality. Sometimes they know the truth, and then also they are not ready to accept it. The typically male-driven society now needs to accept that women are not the reason behind every problem. Sometimes they need to sit back and imagine a world without women.
Wrong beliefs and superstitions still prevailing in the society act like a blindfold and people are not ready to remove it and see the reality. They think what they know is the ultimate truth and what they say should be the only instruction to be followed. But the actual truth is that women don’t hold the sole responsibility of infertility. It can be due to any cause and men are also equally responsible for the same. Sometimes, none of the male and the female is responsible but, it can happen due to some natural causes as well. It is an important need of the hour to spread awareness among the people regarding the facts and causes of infertility.
What is Infertility?
Incapability of undergoing reproduction among any of the living species (humans, animals, and plants, etc.) is termed as infertility. In humans, it refers to the inability to become pregnant or carry the pregnancy to a full term. There are many causes of it, including some which can be medically treated. According to World Health Organisation, infertility may be caused by an infection in the man or woman, but in most cases, there is no particular cause behind it. There are two types of infertility, primary and secondary. Primary infertility is when a couple has never had a child whereas secondary infertility refers to the failure to conceive followed by a previous pregnancy.
Man or Woman?
Estimates suggest that among heterosexual couples, 20-30% cases of infertility are due to male infertility, and 20-35% are due to female infertility. Rest 25-40% of the cases are due to the combined parts. Also, there is no cause found for around 10-20% scenarios. So, it clearly proves that woman are not the only ones to be blamed and in many cases, no one is actually responsible for such a failure. Sometimes, it is entirely natural.
Causes of Female Infertility
There are several causes of infertility occurring only inside a woman. It may be due to her hormonal imbalance.
- For a woman to conceive, it is very important that her hormones remain balanced.
- Woman are fertile only before and during ovulation and become infertile for the rest of the menstrual cycle.
- Fertility in the women is normally maximum at an age of 24 and minimizes by 30, with rare cases of pregnancy after 50.
- Fertilization problems occur due to structural problems in the uterus or problems in releasing the eggs.
- It may occur due to the blocking of Fallopian tube. The blockage occurs due to deformities.
- Sometimes the formation of tissues in the Fallopian tube can cause infertility. For example, endometriosis causes the formation of tissues in the Fallopian tube near the ovaries, thus resulting in infertility.
- Other factors which affect the chances of women to conceive include being overweight or underweight.
Causes of Male Infertility
The main reason behind infertility in males is the low semen quality.
- Men who have all the required organs to reproduce, infertility is caused by a low count of the sperms.
- Lower sperm count occurs due to endocrine problems, drugs, radiation, or infection.
- There may be testicular deformations.
- Imbalanced hormones also occur in males resulting in infertility.
- Blocking of man’s Duct System is another is another reason behind the problem.
- The zygote needs DNA, centrioles, and activation factor for the embryo to develop. All these are to be provided by the sperm, and failure or defect in any of these sperm structure results in infertility. It is not even detected by semen analysis.
- Immune infertility is caused by the Antisperm antibodies.
Sometimes infertility can be caused by a combination of these conditions and both man and woman are responsible for infertility or sub-fertility. The causes behind it can also be genetic or immunological. Each partner may be fertile independently but together they may need assistance to conceive.
The society needs to change their way of thinking and stop blaming women for not being able to produce babies for them. It’s not just their sole responsibility and it’s indeed not a crime to be infertile. Women should consider it as their right to raise their voice against any scenarios of misbehavior due to infertility. Lots of babies in the various orphanages are waiting for a guardian and reproducing one of your own is not at all important.