42 Indian languages towards extinction

4 weeks ago Rishita Raj 0

Languages are a vital tool of communication for every human and non-human entity without which we cannot imagine our life, the language is evolved from early eras and some languages which are used by fewer people needs to be saved from getting extinct as  with the extinction of any language the customs, beliefs, culture associated with that gets vanished.

Federico Fellini says that: A different language is simply a different vision of Life.

According to the report of the Census Directorate, there are about 22 scheduled and more than 100 non scheduled languages spoken by more than one lakh people in India. However, there are about 42 languages in India that are spoken by less than 10,000 people in India, and the list of those languages or dialects have been listed by the UNESCO(The United Nations, Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) as endangered languages ie about to extinct.

42 Indian languages about to get extinct

The following list shows the name of endangered languages about to get extinct along with the respective states:

  • The Andaman And Nicobar Island have the highest no of endangered languages in the list and the languages (11)are  Jarawa, Lamongse, Luro, Muot, Great Andamanese, Onge, Sanenyo, Pu, Shompen, Sentilese, Takahanyilang.
  • Manipur( 7 )-Aka, Korein, Aimol, Langrong, Lamganmg, Tarao, Purum.
  • Himachal Pradesh( 4)- endangered language-Handuri, pangvali, Baghati and Siramaudi.
  • Odisha( 3 ) -Penji, Marda and Perngo.
  • Karnataka (2) -Koraga and Kuruba
  • Andhra Pradesh(2)-Gadaba and Naiki.
  • Arunachal Pradesh (2)-Na and Mra.
  • Tamil Nadu(2)-Toda and Kota.
  • Assam(2)-Tai Rong and Tai Nora.
  • Jharkhand (1) -Birhor
  • Uttarakhand(1)-Bangani.
  • Meghalaya(1)-Ruga.
  • West Bengal(1)-Toto
  • Maharashtra(1)-Nihali

The Central Institute of Indian Languages(CIIL), Mysore, has been working for the protection and preservation of endangered languages in India.

According to the latest assessment, there are 1,635 rationalised mother tongues, 234 identifiable mother tongues and 22 major languages in the country. Apart from the 22 scheduled languages, there are 31 other languages in the country which were given the status of official language by the respective state governments and the Union Territories.